‘Test tube baby’ is a non-medical term for babies that are conceived using the artificial reproductive technique of in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Here, the eggs are fertilized outside the human body and then implanted in the uterus.
In Vitro Fertilisation IVF Indications
IVF is a relatively expensive procedure and is opted for when there are no other treatment options. IVF may be recommended for individuals with the following conditions:
- Low sperm count
- Low sperm mobility
- Problems related to the uterus or fallopian tubes
- Inability of the sperm to penetrate or survive the cervical mucus
- Issues related to ovulation
- Individuals planning for surrogacy
In Vitro Fertilisation IVF Process
To improve the chances of a success, fertility drugs are administered to induce multiple follicle productions. Careful monitoring using ultrasound and hormone testing is performed, and the decision of the discontinuation of drugs and egg retrieval is taken by doctors. Egg retrieval takes place using an ultrasound-guided needle. Fluid from ovaries is carefully withdrawn and examined for the presence of eggs. Retrieved eggs are then fertilized with the sperms from the partner or donor. The resulting embryos are then cultured and monitored for 3 to 5 days. Then the embryo is transferred into the uterus of the female for implantation. In a few cases, there may be excess embryos even after the transfer. The final decision on the fate of these excess embryos lies with the couple. An alternative of cryopreservation also exists, and the embryos can be preserved for future use or even donated to other couples looking for IVF.
In Vitro Fertilisation IVF Complications
Multiple births - Risk of multiple childbirths increases if more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus using IVF technique.
Premature delivery and low birth weight
Miscarriage - There are about 15 to 25% chances of miscarriage in a pregnancy whether you have naturally conceived or with of IVF.
Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome - is a medical condition affecting the ovaries of women who take fertility medications to stimulate egg growth or to induce ovulation.
Egg retrieval procedure complications - An aspirating needle used to collect eggs from ovaries could possibly cause bleeding, infection or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel.
Mental Stress - Dealing with infertility and choosing IVF is physically,emotionally and financially stressful for the family.