Do you really know what to do and what not to when you face a heart attack? Over the years so may precious lives had the last breath due to a heart attack. Won’t you have saved their lives if you knew how to? The worst thing about a heart attack is that it can occur anywhere at any point in time. Some might think that if one works extensively for if a person is under stress for too long he/she has higher chances of getting a heart attack; yes that’s true but it does not mean that one can’t get a heart attack while walking, resting, shopping, watching TV or even while sleeping.
What is a heart attack?
Suddenly when there is a halt in the blood flow due to blockage in the artery that delivers blood to the heart, a heart attack occurs. The blockage can arise due to several reasons like an excess fat deposit in the artery or presence of blood clot deposit, because of which blood flow to the heart drastically decreases. In such a condition the patient may experience chest pain, sweating or shortness in breath.
Indications of heart attack
When the heart does not receive enough blood, the oxygen amount also decreases, leading the heart muscle to die. The most common indication is chest pain, while there are several other symptoms like-
- Sudden weakness or tired feeling
- Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
- Looking very pale with a tinge of blue
- Unusual tightness or discomfort in the chest
- Feel of choking, pain in the arms, neck, shoulder or jaws.
- Suddenly collapsing
- Experience of rapid or irregular pulse all of a sudden
- Excess sweating
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How to treat a person suffering from attacks?
Many of us while experiencing might think that this will pass and delay it thinking ‘I’m fine. It’s just a mild attack”. It’s very important to accept the seriousness of such a symptom. Act immediately and spread the word, because if you delay it, it can get worse and cost you your life. Bringing to you a few life hacks that could let you save someone’s life or maybe yourself when faced one or more symptoms mentioned above-
- Immediately stop doing whatever you’re doing and lay down or sit carefully. If you see another person with such a symptom help them with support and assistance to sit down.
- Call the emergency number for help[ or dial the ambulance number and seek medical help as soon as possible
- Meanwhile, until the arrival of the ambulance sit up if the breath becomes short or lie down if you feel like fainting or dizziness.
- The most important thing to do is move the person under attack to a comfortable position. Try to bend their knees and keep support on the shoulders. You could use a cushion or the support of a pillow under the knees or behind. If no such thing is available nearby use the support of your hands.
- If you spot a pharmacy or medical store nearby get an aspirin tablet (300mg) from it and ask the person to chew it slowly. Don’t give this tablet to a person who is under 16 years of age.
- Try to talk to the person in a mild tone and keep them responsive. If you notice that the person is not responding then start a CPR.
What is CPR?
CPR-cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a technique that combines chest compression to enable the person to breathe while experiencing a cardiac arrest.
How to perform CPR?
-Kneel by the side of the person and put the heel of your hands at the middle position of the chest. Place both your hands and interlock your fingers, make sure that the fingers are not touching the ribs.
-Don’t bend your arms; keep them straight and slightly lean over the person.
-Start pressing hard to a depth of about 5 to 6 cm and the release the pressure.
-Allow the chest to rise
-Repeat this compression process for almost 30 times with 100 to 120 compressions per minute
-After the compression, you need to perform two rescue breaths,
-In this process, you need to open the airway.
-Tilt-back the head of the person by placing a hand on the forehead and with the other hand lift the chin
-Gently pinch the soft part of the nose to close it and allow the mouth to open
-Make sure that the head is still tilted, take a deep breath and place your mouth over the person thus forming a seal.
-Blow into their mouth until the chest rises, then release it and watch the chest drop
-If you see that the chest is not rising, check whether the airway is open or not
-In case you’re not comfortable to perform mouth-to-mouth (rescue breaths), continue with the chest compression
In this entire process if you witness the person coughing, speaking or opening eyes help them to sit or lie down in a recovery position. Monitor the person and give a CPR once again if required until medical help arrives. It is also very important to stay calm so that there is no added stress for the person to experience a symptom of a heart attack.
Don’t drive to the hospital whether it’s you who is experiencing a symptom or someone else. Call up the emergency 102 number and wait for their arrival. It’s safe to not drive as this might worsen the condition and medical aid may reach late. The emergency team comes equipped with all medical things that will help the casualty as they will start the treatment on spot and once the condition becomes stable the person is prepared for hospitalisation.
What to take to the hospital or the steps the needs to be taken after first aid-
Once a person is admitted to the hospital, his/her medical history is very important, therefore the concern person’s medical problems, medication, allergies must be listed. The other details which are needed are-
- The person’s address and family member’s phone number
- Insurance number (if any). Some insurance policies may not cover a heart attack in such a scenario if the person is not financially stable then a medical loan might prove fruitful in such a critical moment. Currently, in the market there are many medical loan providers like LetsMD who are trying to bridge the gap and provide quality medical treatment for all class of people, the EMI plans are also very effective and flexible.
Most people recover well from a heart attack. Although heart muscle takes time to heal, a person can get well in 8 to 6 weeks. In the initial days, it is crucial to take things slow. Rest as much as possible and perform only your day to day activities. Other things that one must take into account are-
- Maintain the weight
- Exercise and do yoga regularly
- Keep your cholesterol and blood sugar levels under control
- Try to relax and keep out from stress
Everyone must stay alert and try to protect yourself from a heart attack as a situation can become worse if symptoms are ignored. Did you know? A heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest. In a heart attack, the artery that supplies blood to the heart experiences a blockage. This blockage can be temporary but if it’s not taken into consideration the heart will stop working completely leading to cardiac arrest.
Que1. What are the home remedies for heart attack?
Home remedies for heart involve maintaining a few good habits and switching to a healthy lifestyle.
Ans-Habits such as smoking, eating unhealthy food and working for odds hours degrades the quality of the health leading to a rise in blood pressure and sugar levels. Therefore it is must go for regular checkups, exercise, involve in some kind of sport and control stress.
Que 2. How do you stop a heart attack immediately?
Ans-To tackle a heart attack keep the person calm, help them to lie down or sit in a comfortable position. If the situation worsens try a CPR if you know how to perform it, else hurry and dial the emergency number and the ambulance number
Que3. Can you die in your sleep from a heart attack?
Ans-When a heart attack occurs it causes excess pain or an uncomfortable condition occur leading to shortness of breath which leads a person to wake from sleep. If a death occurs in sleep it means that the heartbeat was not stable and the condition got out of control.
Que4. Can drinking water stop a heart attack?
Ans-Yes, if you consume an adequate amount of water (8-ounce glass) before sleeping, it can decrease the chances of a heart attack.
Que5. What time of the day do most heart attacks occur?
Ans-Researchers have found out that the most common time of the day for a heart attack to occur is morning time. It has been also told that such morning attacks are the most serious.
Que6. Are mild heart attacks common?
Ans- Symptoms may vary or at times there may not be any kind of symptom; a sudden cardiac arrest may be the first sign.
Que7. Does coughing stop a heart attack?
Ans- There is no medical evidence to support ‘cough CPR’ and it is advisory not to initiate such an action when a heart attack occurs.
Que8. Should you sit up or lie down during a heart attack?
Ans- One should sit up or lean forwards to a comfortable position. It is dangerous to lie down as breathing can worsen the condition; in such a situation call the emergency helpline 112 immediately.