Liposuction is a surgical method to physically remove the fat cells from specific parts of body where, fat is accumulated like, belly, thighs, buttocks etc. This technique is used to remove fat from those area which are not responding to diet and exercise.
It is not a typical method for weight loss, it just removes fat from very specific area of body. If you are obese or overweight, you will lose more weight through diet and exercise or by surgical methods like bariatric surgeries.
This surgery can only help you to look like you have lost some inches but it cannot give you a perfect toned body. The loose skin might remain as it is. Sometimes liposuction is combined with other surgeries like abdominoplasty, face lift, breast augmentation etc. These together can help you to have a perfectly shaped body.
What are the different types ?
First of all, surgeon would mark the areas to be treated i.e. areas where fat is accumulated and then will make small incisions in these areas and insert a hollow tube called cannula into fatty layer through the incisions. Cannula is attached to a vacuum on other side which sucks liquified fat.
Before suction fat cells are need to be detached from each other and surrounding tissues and to achieve this surgeon may use different technique like, ultrasound, vibration, laser light and saline. Based on these techniques, there are different types of liposuction.
In this method large amount of solution is injected before suction.
Solution generally contain mixture of lidocaine, epinephrine and salt solution. Solution causes the blood vessels to shrink and hence reducing the blood loss during surgery and reduces the pain and swelling after the procedure.
This solution liquifies fat and makes it easy to suck. It is salt solution which breakdowns the fat deposits.
After injecting solution doctor makes small incisions around the area to be treated and inserts cannula which is attached to a suction machine.
With back and forth movement fat is sucked and deposited into collection system.
After the surgery an elastic compression garment is worn to help skin to contract.
Ultrasound assisted liposuction (UAL):
It uses ultrasonic vibrations to break fatty tissue and loosen it from the surrounding tissues.
Laser assisted liposuction (LAL) :
Also known as laser lipo, it uses laser energy to break fat cells.
Main difference in these surgeries is just the method of liquefaction of fat. After liquefaction fat cells are drained out.
This surgery can also be divide on the basis of the area of treatment for eg. liposuction- abdomen/tummy, arms, thighs, breast males, breast females, buttoks, chin, cheeks, back, etc.
Liposuction- one area: fat is removed from specific area of the body like, thigh, chin,cheeks, buttoks etc. for hospitals and cost of liposuction in Delhi ncr click liposuction-one area.
Liposuction- abdomen/tummy: fat is removed from abdomen area. To know more about Hospitals which provide this facility in Delhi ncr click Liposuction-abdomen
How to prepare?
Before going for liposuction choose your surgery center or hospital carefully. It should be accredited and known for best results and safety.
Before surgery first step is, consultation session with your surgeon. Talk about your expectations, ask about procedures, duration, results, precautions, cost, recovery time, hospital stay and any query you want to ask about surgery.
Surgeon may ask you about your allergies, alcohol and smoking habits, drugs, medicine and supplements that you take (tell your surgeon about all medicines and supplements you take even the herbal ones).
Surgeon will recommend you to stop taking certain painkillers and blood thinners. Doctor will explain every aspects of surgery before actually performing it.
If you want to go ahead for the surgery after consultation step, doctor will instruct you how to prepare for surgery. These preparations include dieting and restricted alcohol consumption for weeks before the surgery date.
What happens after surgery?
Advanced liposuction techniques have reduced post surgery swelling, trauma and discomfort. You can leave hospital the day of surgery, depending on type of surgery you had.
Bruises, swelling and soreness will be there for few weeks. Your surgeon may prescribe some pain medications. Depending on the extent of fat removal, you may recover in just few days to do daily tasks.
Doctor will give you a compression garment to wear for fews weeks after surgery. It will minimize swelling and provide skin contraction.
Sometimes wounds of incision might leak fluid for days (generally in case of liposuction with abdominoplasty). To deal with leakage the doctors may insert drainage tubes to drain fluid from wound.
What are results of this surgery?
Fat cells are removed permanently in liposuction but you can still gain weight but fat will accumulate in different areas of your body.
To keep your body in shape and increase duration of results you should follow a diet plan which include lean protein, fruits, vegetables, whole grain, low fat dairy products and exercise daily.
It is a cosmetic surgery, it can make you look thin and might help you to decrease your waistline but, it is not a permanent solution.
If you again continue to take high calorie food, fat might come back rapidly.
Liposuction once removes fat from body, afterward it is your duty to control fat development.
What is cost of liposuction ?
Liposuction is an expensive treatment. It’s cost varies according to the area to be treated and amount of fat to be removed. Charges of surgery will also vary as per the choice of hospital. There are some companies which provide loans for these kind of surgeries. You can pay surgery bill through easy EMI at 0% interest rate. For hospitals or loan details you can log in to website of letsmd
Is it a weight loss surgery?
This technique sucks out fat cells so, obviously some weight is lost. Patient loose approximately 2 pounds on removal of 1 liter of fat.
Weight loss by this surgery is not permanent, if patient continues with unhealthy diet and calorie intake, he or she might gain weight more rapidly.
If you want to maintain the result of liposuction, you must cut down the calorie intake and do more exercise to not allow fat to accumulate in your body.
Gaining weight after liposuction might change your overall appearance as, fat would store in other parts of body.
Is it a treatment for obesity?
This method removes fat and lose some weight but it have nothing to do with obesity. It is a cosmetic surgery it only helps your appearance.
The problems due to excess fat like, high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured by liposuction.
Obesity problem is due to visceral fat. i.e. fat surrounding the internal organs and liposuction only removes the subcutaneous fat i.e. fat just below the epidermis.
Visceral fat is more dangerous as it affects vital organs of the body. Visceral fat can only be removed by exercise and low carb diet. Surgical methods like bariatric surgeries can help in reduction of visceral fat.
What are the risks?
Just like any other cosmetic surgery it also have some risks like, excess bleeding, infection, perforation of organ, scars etc.
Risks specific to liposuction are contour irregularities (skin might appear bumpy and wavy due to uneven fat removal and uneven healing), Fluid accumulation, fat embolism, kidney and heart failure due to shifts in fluid levels.Sometimes people don’t follow a healthy lifestyle and hence, there liposuction result do not last longer.v
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