Overview of Bone Cancer
Imagine an arrogant, constant, and ever-growing crowd suddenly arrives at your home. Things get out of hand and without any reason, they start destroying your house. Why would such a group of people attack your home all of sudden? What will you do in such a situation? We all will try to remove the crowd in every possible way from the premises but what if you end up hurting your family in this process?
Now, an exact situation takes place inside the body of a bone cancer patient. Cells start multiplying at a rapid ratio. Leaving our body confused and weak, our body at times voluntarily tries to sort out this entire situation by destroying the fast-growing cancerous cells; but the real crisis arrives when the body gets confused between its cells and the cancerous cells.
Resulting in destroying both the cancer-causing cells and the beneficial cells; in some conditions, the cancer-causing cells are not destroyed and left behind in the body to multiply and affect other organs. In this entire break, tear, and attack period the immunity system of the body to breaks down.
Doctors carry out surgeries to put an end to such cancerous battles, in worst cases chemotherapy, radiation therapy is required to win this battle against cancer. For cancer type such as bone cancer, both surgeries and therapy treatments are used to cure it.
What is Bone Cancer?
As obvious it sounds, bone cancer starts in the bone cells, i.e. in any bone of the body. Mainly affecting the bones that are long, such as the bones of the arms and legs; the good news is bone cancer seldom develops in an adult body.
There are more chances of getting attacked by a noncancerous bone tumour than a cancerous one. Bone cancer is declared dangerous when it multiplies at an aggressive rate and spreads to other parts of the body. In such conditions, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used to destroy the growth and remove the cancerous cells.
Did you know? LetsMD helps you get all such therapy to cure cancer at an affordable price with easy EMI returns. In other situation, if a person develops a tumour in the bone that does not affect other tissues and organs, is termed as benign (noncancerous).
Such a tumour can be cured via surgery. Reach out to your nearby hospital or you can also approach LetsMD to get yourself cured without any medical hassles.
Types of Bone Cancer
Osteosarcoma is a form of cancer that commonly affects the age group between 10-30 years.
The chances of getting affected by this bone cancer are rare but it is one of the most common forms of bone cancer. It affects the soft tissue outside the bone of legs, pelvis, or arms.
Osteosarcoma is more prone to affect males and can be treated via chemotherapy and surgery. Radiation therapy is not much effective to cure osteosarcoma.
Affecting mainly the thigh areas, pelvis, and shoulders, chondrosarcoma may occur in people under the age group of 20.
With an increase in age, the chances of getting affected by Chondrosarcoma cancer escalates and in most rare cases the base of the skull might get affected.
This type of bone cancer grows slowly and when removed at an early stage its chances of spreading to other organs or bone is less.
Surgeries are preferred over radiation and chemotherapy as the latter treatments hardly prove effective.
Ewing tumour can occur in any bone, this bone cancer is most common among young adults and teenagers but it is not limited to any age group.
It affects directly in the bones of teenagers and adults or might begin in the soft tissues surrounding the bones.
Ewing tumour rarely attacks below the age group of 30 and can be treated by chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Fibrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma
This type of bone cancer is usually found in the bones of jaws, legs, and arms. Mostly liable to affect adults in the soft tissues such as ligaments, fat or muscles that are present around a bone.
Giant cell tumour of bone
Bone cancer of this form can be cancerous or noncancerous, in other words, both benign and malignant occurrence is possible but the possibility of malignant form is rare.
Giant cell tumour of bone tends to affect the age group starting from young to middle-aged adults.
Surgical removal of the tumour is easy but at times might not prove to be effective.
In such instances, the tumour may appear again and spread to other parts of the body. Therefore proper care and regular check-ups must be carried out to stop the further growth of the tumour.
If you are being diagnosed as the ones mentioned above, book an appointment today to get cured by the best doctors and medical services available at your nearest hospital.
You can also get help from LetsMD and experience effective medical benefits and care.
Symptoms of bone cancer
Potential symptoms of bone cancer are-
- Frequent bone pain
- Swelling or lump formation
- Weak bones resulting in sudden fractures
- The decrease in mobility and fatigue
- Weight loss
- Difficulty in breathing (if cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as lungs)
It must be remembered that not every bone pain leads to cancer BUT it better to be sure than being late. Consult with the best doctors available at LetMD’s partnered hospitals.
Causes of bone cancer
Exact causes of bone cancer are not known till date but doctors and researchers have found out the near possibility reasons that may cause bone cancer. The listing below few causes of bone cancer-
- Hereditary factor
- Previous exposure to radiotherapy treatment
- Li-Fraumeni syndrome- a rare genetical disorder that leads to cancer development
- Paget’s disease-affects the structure of the bone making them fragile and also interferes the body’s normal recycling and regeneration process.
- Werner syndrome-a disorder that results in premature ageing.
Cost and treatments
The treatment of a bone cancer patient depends on the type of cancer he/she is affected and whether it is cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
The other factors that determine which type of treatments required are-
- The body part where cancer has developed
- The patient’s health and fitness level
- Stage of the bone cancer
- Age of the patient
Based on the above factors the doctor further decides whether the patient needs to undergo a surgery or does he/she require chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
The cost of bone cancer treatment might range from 2 lakh to 7 lakh, while the cost may differ depending on the type of treatment the cancer patient needs,
whether it’s chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery. It must also be noticed that the treatment cost may also differ from hospital to hospital.
Connect with the partnered hospitals of LetsMD as they promise to offer treatment at a budget-friendly EMI plan with no compromise on treatments and medical facilities.
How to prevent bone cancer?
There is no hard and fast rule about the prevention of bone cancer, mostly because the exact cause of bone cancer is not known. It’s upon us that we try and get ourselves checked-up at the earliest in the hospital at least once a year. In this way, you will avoid major ill-effects of diseases that may cause a huge impact on your day to day life.
Recovery measures of bone cancer
Surviving a bone cancer is like half the battle won, while the other half of the battle starts arising during the recovery period. It’s often seen that people who have been diagnosed with bone cancer once, carries a high risk of getting second cancer. Bone cancer survivors are more prone to develop the same type of cancer or at times a different one. For example, if a bone cancer patient had Osteosarcoma he/she might get a Chondrosarcoma, but nothing can be predicted, all you need to do is visit the doctor regularly. Early age cancer survivors also carry a high risk of developing other forms of cancer such as Liver cancer, stomach cancer, or lung cancer.
Thousands of people have successfully battled a life-threatening disease like cancer with the help of advanced technology and treatments.
For a start, you too can do your bit to avoid cancer and stay healthy by including these simple habits in your everyday lifestyle.
Cancer survivors are also advised to follow the same by most doctors-
- Exercise and stay fit
- Eat more greens, avoid unhealthy foods
- Limit the consumption of alcohol
- Maintain your weight
- Take a walk or start cycling, indulge in more physical activities daily.
These small steps will try to keep you healthy and if by any chance you’re diagnosed with bone cancer as it has been said and
found that, “The exact cause of bone cancer is not known”, so do reach out to your doctor or the nearest hospital to get cure at the earliest.
Que1.How long can you live with bone cancer?
Ans- A patient with primary bone cancer can survive cancer for a year or more after diagnosis.
Que2. How long is chemo for bone cancer?
Ans- Chemo treatment can take a number of weeks, patients also receive anti-cancer drugs along with it.
Que3. What is the best treatment for bone cancer?
Ans- Surgery, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, targeted therapy and radiation therapy can help treat bone cancer to huge extend
Que4. Will an X-ray show bone cancer?
Ans-Yes, X-rays can help detect bone cancer as the site of bone cancer can look ‘ragged’ instead of solid.
Que5. How long can you have bone cancer without knowing?
Ans- Only symptoms are not enough to detect bone cancer, further diagnosis is required always.
Que5. Does bone cancer hurt all the time?
Ans- Yes bone cancer can cause pain, in the initial stage it is constant but as cancer grows the pain increases.
Que6. What is the best pain relief for bone cancer?
Ans- If the pain is mild, the doctor may suggest medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen etc.
Que7. Is dying from cancer painful?
Ans- Varies from patient to patient, some patient may not feel any kind of pain while others might.
Que8.Why can’t bone metastases heal?
Ans- Different treatments can help to restrict the spread but can’t normally cure bone metastasis.